Living Smarter Logo Living Smarter

The ultimate guide to physical access control

As a business, ensuring that your physical space is as secure as possible is essential. One way to do this is by implementing physical access control measures. But what are these measures, and how can you choose the right ones for your business? This guide will answer those questions and more. Keep reading to learn all about physical access control!

What is physical access control?

Physical access control refers to a system of allowing or restricting access to buildings, rooms, and restricted areas through locks, keys, identification cards, and security guards. Its benefits include increased protection against theft and unauthorized entry, greater accountability for those entering restricted areas, and improved overall security.

In addition to controlling entry into physical spaces, physical access control can also include regulating the use of electronic equipment and devices. For instance, a company may issue specific ID cards that allow employees to access only the computer systems they need for their job.

By implementing physical access controls, organizations can better protect their assets and ensure compliance with safety regulations. Overall, investing in a physical access control system can bring peace of mind and tangible security benefits to any business or facility.

Types of physical access control systems

When it comes to physical access control solutions, there are a variety of options available to ensure secure entry.

Cylinder systems, for example, utilize specially designed locks that can only be opened with a key. These can also be programmed to work on a schedule, making them a convenient option for businesses with limited or rotating hours.

On the other hand, readers use different identification media forms such as cards, key fobs, and fingerprints to grant entry. This technology offers greater flexibility, as individual access rights can easily be modified or revoked without having to reissue physical keys.

Ultimately, the best access control system for your needs will depend on your budget and the level of security required. However, both cylinder systems and readers provide reliable solutions for controlling physical access to a facility.

How to choose the right physical access control system

When selecting the right access control system for your business, one crucial factor to consider is the level of security needed – specific industries may require an advanced level of protection. In contrast, others may only need essential access control. It’s also crucial to consider the size and layout of your building and any potential future expansion plans.

Additionally, the budget can be a determining factor in choosing a specific system. Ultimately, finding the right balance of security, practicality, and cost will ensure that you select an effective access control system for your business.

Installation and maintenance

Finding an effective way to secure your property can be challenging, but implementing a physical access control system is often the optimal solution.

During the installation process, various components, such as keypads, card readers, and door locks, are placed strategically throughout the building to restrict access to certain areas. It is essential to regularly maintain these systems by updating codes or cards as needed, testing for deficiencies, and properly handling any damage or malfunction.

While initial installation and ongoing maintenance may require time and resources, these measures can significantly enhance the security of your property and provide peace of mind. In addition, they can also streamline daily operations by simplifying the process of granting and tracking access for employees or visitors.

Overall, investing in a physical access control system is prudent for increasing security at your facility.

Common problems

One issue that can arise with physical access control systems is a malfunctioning card reader. This often requires cleaning the reader with compressed air or replacing the batteries, but if these solutions don’t work, it may be necessary to replace the reader altogether.

Another common problem is employees forgetting or losing their access cards. To prevent this, consider implementing a policy where employees must keep their cards on them at all times or check them out from a central location before entering secure areas.

In addition, regularly updating security protocols and regularly changing passwords can help prevent unauthorized access and protect the system from hacking. These measures can go a long way in ensuring proper functioning and security for physical access control systems.

Businesses that could use physical access control

The ability to control physical access to a business can mean the difference between overall success and significant security concerns. Fortunately, many businesses have successfully implemented a physical access control system.

A clothing retailer, for example, utilizes an access control system for their back-of-house areas, allowing only authorized employees to enter necessary storage and inventory rooms.

Another company uses an access control system for their offices, ensuring visitors are adequately registered before entering sensitive areas.

And a third business utilizes a biometric access control system for their laboratory, preventing unauthorized individuals from entering and potentially tampering with experiments in progress.

These industries may be diverse, but they all share the goal of protecting vital assets through an effective physical access control system.

At the end of the day

The choices you make for your physical access control systems will significantly impact your facility’s overall security. We hope this guide has given you the information you need to make an informed decision about which type of system is right for you. If you have any questions or would like more information, please feel free to contact us. We’re always happy to help!


Author: Morten Pradsgaard

Morten has been working with technology, IoT, and electronics for over a decade. His passion for technology is reflected in this blog to give you relevant and correct information.